Condonation of Delay under Arbitration and Conciliation Act and Commercial Courts Act

By Ashish Kumar and Trishit Kumar Satpati, Students at NMIMS School of Law, Bangalore


The apex court in the case of Government of India vs M/s Borse Brothers Engineers & Contractors Pvt Ltd (“Borse) held that the delay in the filing of an appeal under section 37 of the Arbitration and Conciliation Act,1996 (“Act”) can be condoned if a sufficient cause is being provided. The earlier limitation of 120 days for filing an appeal was overruled but if a party exceeds the 90 days, then it must give sufficient reasons for such delay in accordance with section 5 of the Limitation Act(“LA”).

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Arbitration of Landlord-Tenant Disputes: The Way Forward

By Rishav Ray and Subhadeepa Sen, Students at School of Law, Christ (Deemed to be University), Bangalore


Disputes relating to property are a common occurrence in India since with the passage of time there has been a substantial and continuous hike in property prices and tenancy has increased in the urban areas leading to landlord-tenant disputes. Eviction cases are the most common kind of disputes between the landlord and the tenant. Landlords often try evicting tenants using unlawful force which causes a ground for legal dispute among the parties. This article however shall keep its scope restricted to only those cases wherein the landlord has the right to lawfully evict the tenant for his property.

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Jurisdiction Tussle between MSME Act and Arbitration Agreement: Opportunity Lies With the Supreme Court to Clear the Mist

By Khushi Mishra and Rajeev Dadhich, Students at Institute of Law, Nirma University

Since the enactment of the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprise Development Act, 2006 (The “MSME Act”) a major dispute is between the institutional arbitration under Section 18 of the MSME Act and a sole arbitration as per Arbitration agreement (“AA”) constituted between the parties.  As per Section 18 of the MSME Act which is the non- obstante clause, the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Facilitation Council shall either itself take up the dispute for arbitration or refer it to any institution to conduct arbitration. However, in the event of AA constituted between the parties, the parties are at the liberty to appoint a sole arbitrator to adjudicate their disputes. Therefore, the debated dispute ongoing is that what will prevail between institutional arbitration under section 18 and sole arbitration as per AA.

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Explicating Arbitrability of Fraud in India

By Alay Ninad Raje and Jaysinh Kela, Students at Institute of Law, Nirma University


From time to time, the issue of arbitrability of fraud arises in order to ascertain whether the disputes involving allegations of fraud are capable of being resolved through arbitration instead of courts. The Supreme Court of India (SC) recently through the  judgment of Vidya Drolia & Ors. v. Durga Trading Corp., (“Vidya Drolia”) explicitly overruled N. Radhakrishnan v. Maestro Engineers (“Radhakrishnan”) judgment, and providing a pro-arbitration approach towards arbitrability of fraud, thereby bringing clarity on the subject matter.

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Enforcement of Foreign Awards: “Pro Enforcement Bias”, Need of the Hour

Tariq khan and Aastha Agarwalla

The Indian arbitration law regime has seen many developments since the last decade; predominantly the alignment of ‘enforcement of foreign awards’ framework with the principles of United Nations Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards, 1958 (New York Convention). Despite the calibrated efforts, India is still perceived as a hostile jurisdiction to enforce foreign awards, precisely due to the repulsive recourse adopted by the Indian courts. In particular, the Supreme Court of India (SC) and the High Courts, in its decisional practice by various judgments, inter-alia, NAFED vs. Alimenta S.A. (NAFED Judgment), Venture Global Engineering LLC vs. Tech Mahindra, is testament to this fact.

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Khushi Mishra & Rajeev Dadhich  , Institute of Law, Nirma University.


The approach of the Indian courts in dealing with the anti-arbitration injunction has been disjunctive and imbalanced. On 12th Aug 2020, the Calcutta High court in Balasore Alloys Limited v. Medima LLC attempted to clarify the position of the Indian courts to grant an anti-arbitration injunction in a foreign seated arbitration. It held that the Indian courts have inherent power to grant anti-arbitration injunction, subject to a higher degree of the threshold. Anti-arbitration injunctions are often viewed as a challenge to the arbitral tribunals’ power to determine its own jurisdictions, generally regarded as the Kompetenz- kompetenz principle, which is perceived to be the pillar of the arbitration framework.



Siddharth Chechani, Advocate, Supreme Court of India


International arbitration with its global and distinctly adaptive nature has continued to grow amongst major business transactions. Multinational companies are opting for International Commercial Arbitration considering its speedy disposal mechanism and its expertise to resolve the complex business matters in a time bound manner. It started in the early years of twenty first century from Australia, and subsequently this practice has been adopted in United Kingdom, and in United States of America (‘USA’) respectively.[1]