The Orator Saga: Validity of Interest-Free Loans as Financial Debt

By Ankur Mishra, Fourth Year Student at Institute of Law, Nirma University

On 26 July 2021, the Hon’ble Supreme Court in M/s. Orator Marketing Pvt. Ltd. v. M/s. Samtex Desinz Pvt. Ltd. analyzed the status of interest-free loans as financial debt. The SC categorically observed that an interest-free loan, which is advanced to finance the business operations of a corporate body, qualifies as financial debt under Section 5(8) of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code 2016 (the Code). The Court remarked that lenders of such debt would qualify as Financial Creditors and would be competent to initiate Corporate Insolvency Resolution Process (CIRP) against the defaulting debtors under Section 7 of the Code. This article seeks to analyse the Supreme Court’s judgment vis-a-vis the NCLT and NCLAT’s decision in the same case while highlighting the other significant rulings in this regard.

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