Ashutosh Choudhary & Gaurav Baheti are students at the National Law University, Odisha.
The nationwide lockdown enforced all over India due to the outbreak of Covid-19 pandemic is turning out to be a curse for the Indian economy. The uncertainty and distress created for corporate persons in businesses and the financial market of the Indian economy have severely disrupted the financial operations at large scales which may lead corporate entities into liquidation.[i] The Indian government has come up with several reforms to rescue corporate persons from economic distress in the current Covid-19 times from being pushed into insolvency proceedings under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 (“Code”) for such defaults owing to the current time which might lead them into liquidation.[ii]
Continue reading “IBC (Amendment) Ordinance, 2020: Hanging Sword On Personal Guarantors To Corporate Debtors”
By Shubham Dimri, Law Graduate, Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar
The NSE IFSC and BSE’s INX have started offering rupee linked derivatives on their platforms after receiving the approval from the Reserve Bank of India(RBI) and the Securities and Exchange Board of India(SEBI) early this year. This expands the bouquet of financial products offered in IFSC along with allowing for hedging of currency rate risk to prospective participants. The process of developing IFSC into a place, where rupee derivatives are traded, received a boost after the Task Force on Offshore Rupee Markets recommended that to prevent exchange rate shocks, currency rupee derivatives are needed to be brought within the ambit of domestic regulators. This was necessitated by the fact that non-deliverable forwards contracts in Rupee traded in foreign exchanges had a higher value and volume turnover than domestic exchanges which impacted the domestic macro-economic scenario. Following this recommendation, RBI and SEBI have framed rules for the segment in GIFT IFSC to start the process of developing the currency derivative market.
Continue reading “Rupee Linked Derivatives in IFSC: A New Beginning”
Aditya Singh Chauhan, National Law University, Jodhpur
There is an increase in the number of freezing orders, whereby the tax authorities recover the amount due directly from the bank account of the tax payer. This is due to the overwhelming amount of tax defaults, and increase in the pressure on the tax department. One such provision that allows the tax authorities to issue freezing orders – section 132(9B) of the Income-tax Act, 1961 (“Act”) – was introduced by the Finance Act, 2017 to ensure that the revenue’s stake over the assessee’s assets is not unfairly misappropriated. Such orders, however, are intrusive and have severe consequences on the business and reputation of the tax payer. The situation becomes more indiscriminate when such orders are issued against the foreign assets of the companies that are resident in India.
Continue reading “Defining Contours of Freezing Orders Issued U/S 132(9B) of the Income Tax Act”
Ashuthosh V., Law student, Institute of Law, Nirma University
A Shareholder meeting is a meeting between the management of the company and the owners and shareholders of the company. During the meeting, decisions are made concerning the day-to-day operations of the company. The purpose is to ensure that the shareholders are provided with an opportunity to discuss and deliberate upon affairs concerning the company. In a pre-Covid-19 situation, shareholder meetings were conducted in a physical venue and in accordance with the procedures under Section 96 of the Companies Act, 2013 (hereinafter “the Act”). It must be held at least once in a financial year, but not more than 15 months from the date of the previous one.
Continue reading “Virtual Shareholder Meetings: The Future of Shareholder Meetings Post Covid-19”